Aims of Civic Survey and Plan
Patrick Abercombie and Derek Plumstead


A SURVEY is required to provide up-to-date information about the problems in the city: to anticipate development which will seek to establish solutions whether or not there is a plan. It is better to guide future development by means of a development plan showing all that can be anticipated than hope for the best by leaving it to follow an unguided course.


IMPORTANCE is attached to the past trends of human activities whether they are economic, as in the industrial field, or whether they are social, as may be reflected in the community life of the home and its environment. In some measure we have to be prophets in planning for the immediate and more remote future, so that it is necessary to consider past trends with those of the present - the present being more indicative of the immediate future, while past trends considered together with those of the present, can give a lead for the more remote future.


FROM the mass of data obtained, and illustrated in the form of maps the Planning Scheme may emerge as a logical sequel marrying what is best from the old, with what is considered best for the future. The chapters describe the facts that may be read from these maps; and a special effort has been made to present the information in a way that is at once attractive and easy in the visual sense to comprehend. This should, therefore, encourage their study and eliminate that natural aversion to the dry-as-dust statistical table.


HISTORICAL buildings and features of the city offer a fine heritage. They reflect the traditional character of the periods in the city's historical development. The best and most interesting have been surveyed and recorded so that development proposals may avid, if possible, demolition. Where a conflict of interest between the historical and future development arises the relative values of each may be justly weighed in the balance.